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Very 的另一個意思

發布于2013-10-16點擊數:601

Li: Hello and welcome to Question and Answer of the Week, I'm Yang Li. 大家好。今天我們要解答的是一個大家都非常熟悉的單詞… a very familiar word, a very, very familiar… Yes – it's about the word 'very', and the question is from Emma in Henan:


Question

While reading novels and fairy tales, sometimes the sentence goes like this: "That's not the very way…" or "the very thing". I want to ask about you this usage. Is it spoken English? I also want to know about when we can speak like this: "That's not the veriest…" Thanks a lot!
Li: 我想每個學習英語的人恐怕都知道very 是個副詞,用來修飾形容詞或者另一個副詞,表示程度。非常怎么樣,極其如何等等。不過Emma 想知道的是very 的另一個用法… the very way, the very thing. 再有就是如何使用the veriest. 下面我們先來聽幾個例句,注意聽very 后面跟著的是什么詞?


Examples

That's the very thing I need!
This is the very place where we first met.
Li: 聽出來了嗎?在以上例句里very 后面的跟著的是名詞very thing, very place, 這很有意思是吧? 修飾名詞,那very 就一定是一個形容詞嘍?
沒錯,very 在此處的意思是exact 正是,就是。


Examples

The very thing.
The very place.
Li: 這正是我需要的東西:


Example

That's the very thing I need!

Li: 如果用另一個詞來代替very 那就是…


Example
That's the exact thing I need!
Li: “這正是我需要的東西”。下面這句話又是什么意思?
Example
This is the very place where we first met.
Li: 聽出來了嗎?這句話的意思是“這正是我們初次見面的地方”。好,接下來請大家做個練習,聽幾個句子看看你能不能把very 這個詞加進去,用來強調“就是”“正是”什么。

Example
That's the cake I bought last week.
Li: Very 應該放在哪里呢?恐怕是cake 吧。

Example
That's the very cake I bought last week.
Li: One more.

Example
She's the person you need to speak to.
Li: I think I know where to put the very.

Example
She's the very person you need to speak to.
Li: 很好。下面我們來轉看Emma 提出的第二個問題,very 作為形容詞的最高級形式出現veriest. 請聽例句。

Examples
This is the veriest stupidity…
He is the veriest idiot…
Li: 這里 very 是作為形容詞的最高級出現,意思是頂級的、最怎么樣的。

Example
This is the veriest stupidity…

Li: 這是最大的愚蠢。還有…

Example
He is the veriest idiot…
Li: 他是最大的白癡! 不過,我想提醒大家注意的是這種用法已經是老古董了。Emma 在電子郵件里也說,她是在民間故事中看到這個詞的the veriest. 這個罕見的用法。因為現代人不會使用這個詞了。或許讀莎士比亞的時候會你偶爾碰到!

Example
Now, in good sadness, son Petruchio, I think thou hast the veriest shrew of all.
Li: 太優美的聲音了!你聽不懂沒關系,因為畢竟這是古文嘛。不過這種悅耳的聲音真是另人享受啊。
以上段落選自莎士比亞的《馴悍記》。不過這次的《你問我答》節目呢, 我想說we've reached the very end of the programme 到了節目的最末尾了– very “最”- 這種用法非常普遍經常聽到比如– the very end of the programme, the very top of the mountain, the very beginning of the day.

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